To increase the probability that your dog
will come to you, each and every time you call.
This is achieved by building a solid foundation
of them doing just that. You must be diligent, and make sure that
the number of times your dog comes to you when you call, is far,
far greater than the number of times your dog chooses not to come
when called (ideally you don't ever want that to happen!).
Here is a strategic approach to help you shape a more
reliable response each and every time you call your dog:
Make up a list of situations, people, toys, places,
other animals, food, objects or odours that
your dog finds distracting, to the point of not listening to you.
Refer to the accompanying article, "Possible
Distractions for Your Recall" if you need ideas.
Rate these distractions on a scale of 1 to 10, with
10 being the most distracting to your
dog. Now, for the next week, make a point of having your dog on
lead or long line at all times when they are around any distractions
that are "2" or greater.
You are going to avoid any "10" distractions
for the next 2 months. This means you are not going to allow your
dog freedom to choose not to come to you, when number "10"
distractions are in their environment. This may mean keeping your
dog on leash for the duration of this program or until you are
confident in the reliability of his recall.
In order to have success with recalls, you must
put in the groundwork. Make a plan of doing recalls with your
dog, three sessions a day -- 5 minutes per session.
Use different motivators to reward your dog when
he comes to you. Your motivators may be toys, different types
of food or anything else your dog goes gaga over. Choose a word
that you want your dog to understand means "come to me".
It may be "come", "here", "com'ere",
"front" or anything else you choose. Try to pick a word
you haven't already attached meaning to (ie, if you choose "come"
and you have been using "come" with your dog and your
dog comes sometimes but not always, this word already means, "I
have a choice" to your dog).
Do not use your dog's name before the cue "come"
when playing the recall game. In two months, once they fully understand
their new cue "come", adding their name will be a bonus.
Be sure the motivator is being used as a reward and not
as a bribe. Call the dog, click them for coming and then present the
reward.Do not hold the motivator out like a lure out in front of their
nose as then you are teaching your dog to come to you only if they can
see the toy or food first.
In your five-minute training sessions you should
be able to get in between 15 and 25 recalls with your dog. In
your initial training sessions, make certain there are no distractions
around, so your dog will want to come to you.You may even have
someone help you by restraining your dog. Walk a short distance
away and call out your cue "come" and run back, your
dog chases you -- click and reward. Be sure you vary your body
position. Some times call your dog and when he starts to come,
you run away so he can chase you. Sometimes start to run away
but then stop and let him come to your while you are standing
still. Occasionally don't run at all. Be unpredictable.
As the week progresses add a few of the distractions
that rate a "1" on the distraction scale. Remember to
only call your dog once, if your dog chooses the distraction over
you, score one for them, minus 20 for you. You then need to execute
at least 20 additional recalls before you can progress with your
homework. By the end of the week your dog should be doing a successful
recall with distractions of "2" or lower.
If your dog does not come with one cue at any time during
the program lower your criteria. You may need to lower the rank of the
distractions, if you are working with distractions. You may need to
move closer to your dog or get more attractive rewards.
Progress up the distraction chart as your dog allows you
to, but not too fast. You want to try
to work your dog in the presence of their number 10 distracters,
but not until you have diligently done your homework of at least
8 weeks of recalls. After eight weeks you should have put in an
average of 20 recalls per training session, 3 times per day, 7
days per week.
Over the two months of work you would have done at least 3360 successful
recalls with your dog.
If your dog has a long history of not coming when he is
called you may need to extend this program. It may be more difficult
for you to work up your distraction list, be patient and only
move forward with success. Rather then 8 weeks your schedule may
be 16 or more. The program will work if you are methodical and
DO NOT let your dog have his freedom to ignore a recall at any
You may not have thought of every possible distraction your dog
may encounter but if you have worked through as many distractions
as you can think of in as many different locations available to
you, your dog will start to generalize his recall to all locations.
Following through with daily reinforcements for coming
will give you a solid foundation of shaping your dog want to run
to you, each and every time you call, regardless of what distractions
are in their environment.